COVID-19 disease does not have serious consequences on the health of pregnant women, although it can cause certain complications in newborns, such as prematurity or low birth weight.
This is the result of an exploratory review of all the works published to date since the SARS-CoV-2 virus appeared, causing COVID-19, carried out by Rafael Caparrós, professor and researcher at the Department of Nursing at the University of Granada. (Spain).
The results of this work have been published in the Spanish Journal of Public Health, edited by the Ministry of Health of the Government of Spain.
Throughout pregnancy, many environmental events can affect the health of the pregnant woman and that of her developing fetus. The pregnant woman’s environment can develop a mark (trace) on the fetus, which will affect her health and illness throughout her life.
“Thus, as stated in the Developmental Origin of Health and Disease (DOHaD) theory developed by epidemiologist David Barker, fetal programming is carried out during prenatal development that will mark the health and illness of that baby throughout his extrauterine life, “explains Rafael Caparrós. Exposure to viruses, as the cause of COVID-19, is among the prenatal events that can determine the health of the developing fetus.
The objective of this study was to determine the available knowledge about the consequences of developing COVID-19 in pregnant women and their newborns.
A mother breastfeeds her baby. (Photo: DICYT)
To do this, its author carried out a Scoping Review, in which the search for articles in the DCS and MeSH directories, and in the Web of Science, Scopus, BVS, Scielo, and CUIDEN databases were used. Thus, 10 studies were identified in which maternal and neonatal health was evaluated after maternal COVID-19 infection.
The results of this work reveal that, to date, no COVID-19 virus has been found in any of the samples of amniotic fluid, breast milk or umbilical cord blood analyzed.
Furthermore, there is also no evidence to confirm that the COVID-19 virus is transmitted vertically from mother to baby, neither before birth (congenital), nor during childbirth (perinatal) and nor after childbirth (neonatal). (Source: UGR / DICYT)